Waes, A. van, Ir.

Beyond experimentation: institutionalization of urban living labs

Innovation Studies, Faculty of Geosciences,  Utrecht University, a.h.m.vanwaes@uu.nl

Supervisor: Prof. Rob Raven

Information on Bachelors Degree, Masters Degree, MA-thesis et cetera

Arnoud van Waes has a background in Mechanical Engineering (bachelor) and Innovation Sciences (master). He graduated at Eindhoven University of Technology with a thesis about shale gas frames, arguments and coalitions in Denmark and the Netherlands. Before his Phd he worked as a Technology Assessment researcher at the Rathenau Institute on emerging energy technologies, sustainability, circular economy and sharing economy.

My research is about how urban experimentation with smart cycling innovations contributes to more sustainable and resilient cities. Examples of smart cycling innovations are bike-sharing platforms, bike parking infrastructure, apps that aim to change user behavior and e-bikes. We define cycling innovations as smart when they are part of a wider transformation of the urban and regional cycling system, with a particular emphasis on ICT enabled innovations. Empirically, cycling and smart cycling innovation have been largely overlooked in transition studies, despite that an emerging coalition of city and regional authorities, entrepreneurs and academics increasingly consider cycling as a crucial part of responding to a range of societal challenges. This research is embedded in the Smart Cycling Futures project a transdisciplinary research program. This project allows for studying smart cycling innovations in urban living lab environments in 4 different urban regions in the Netherlands. A living lab can be viewed as a collective approach for transition or a form of urban experimentation. Focal point of the research is business model innovation. Conceptually, I am interested in exploring the role of business model (innovation) as a driver of institutional change. My research questions is as follows: How and why does urban experimentation with new business models and associated institutional work varies across different urban institutional environments in the context of an urban mobility transition?



– Frenken, K., A. van Waes & R. van Est (forthcoming, 2017). Eerlijke delen. Waarborgen van publieke belangen in de deel- en kluseconomie. Den Haag. Rathenau Insituut
– Smink, M., J van den Broek, T. Metze, E. Cuppen, E. van de Grift, A van Waes & R. van Est (forthcoming 2017). Samen kennis aanboren. Stakeholders over ultradiepe geothermie. Den Haag, Rathenau Instituut
– Waes, A. van, & R. van Est (2016). 11 lessen voor een Energiedialoog. Den Haag. Rathenau Instituut.
– Van Est, R., I. van Keulen, L. Kool, A. van Waes & F. Brom (2015). Werken aan de Robotsamenleving. Visies van wetenschappers in kaart. Den Haag. Rathenau Instituut.
– De Vries, A., A. van Waes, R. van Est, B. van der Meulen en F. Brom (2015). Bouwstenen voor participatie. Visie op publieksparticipatie bij besluitvorming over het beheer van radioactief afval. Den Haag. Rathenau Instituut.
– Krom, A., A. van Waes, R. van Est & F. Brom (red) (2015). Grondstoffenhonger duurzaam stillen, Den Haag. Rathenau Instituut.
– Krom, A., & A. van Waes (2014). Sustainable alleviation of resource hunger . Management summary. Den Haag, Rathenau Instituut. (also available in Dutch and German)
– Waes, A. van, A. de Vries, R. van Est & F. Brom (2014). Broadening the debate on shale gas. Den Haag, Rathenau Instituut.
– Van Est, R., & A. van Waes (2013). Onderzoeken naar schaliegas zijn niet genoeg, lokale inspraak moet er zijn. Opinion piece in NRC Handelsblad, 6 september 2013.
– Vries, A. de, R. van Est, A. van Waes (red) (2013). Samen winnen – Verbreding van schaliegasdiscussie en handvatten voor besluitvorming. The Hague. Rathenau Instituut.


– Waes, A. van (2013). Shale gas frames, arguments and coalitions in the Netherlands and Denmark. Thesis. Eindhoven University of Technology.