Mario Pinzón Camargo

Decoding inclusive innovation: an approximation to the role of the local institutional entrepreneur in the success of inclusive innovation initiatives in Colombia

Department of Science, Technology, and Policy Studies, University of Twente,

Supervisors: Prof. Stefan Kuhlmann, Dr. Gonzalo Ordóñez-Matamoros


Mario A. Pinzón-Camargo is Master’s in Public Policy of the Universidad Nacional de Colombia (UN), and Master’s in Economics and Law of the Universidad Externado de Colombia (UEC). He graduated as B.A. in Government and International Relations at the Universidad Externado de Colombia. He has worked as advisor at the Innovation and Business Development’s Direction at the Colombian National Planning Department, and at the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Tourism in Colombia. Currently, he is researcher at Universidad Externado de Colombia, and PhD student at University of Twente.


The aim of this research is to answer, to what extent the existence of the local institutional entrepreneurs in Colombian regions allows to conciliate interests from national governmental entities, vulnerable communities and SIT´s experts around inclusive innovation initiatives, and to open up an opportunity for these initiatives to become successful, and therefore foster processes of institutional change in local communities?

As main results, this research seeks to explain why these inclusive innovation initiatives implemented by the State in Colombia have been successful, and what has been their role in the institutional changes of the vulnerable communities. This objective will be achieved through: i) A better understanding of the governance relationships and tensions among actors that take part of these initiatives; ii) Realise the role of the local institutional entrepreneur in the process of identifying, designing and implementing inclusive innovation initiatives; iii) Identifying and explaining variables that can account for the success of inclusive innovation initiatives; iv) Discussing the coherence among expected results of inclusive innovation initiatives and the results achieved according with empirical evidence.